Levofloxacin: Drug Information
Many common infections are caused by different types of bacteria. Drugs that fight these bacteria are known as antibiotics. Levofloxacin is a prescription antibiotic used for the treatment of various types of bacterial infections. Your doctor may recommend you to use to treat:
- Sinus infection
- Skin infection
- Bones and joints infections
- Urinary tract infection
- Prostate infection
- Kidney infection
- Plague infection
Levofloxacin can also be used for the prevention of anthrax infection following exposure to inhalational anthrax. The medication is approved for the prevention of plague. Levofloxacin can be used in children for the prevention of anthrax and plague. Remember that Levofloxacin will not treat viral infections, such as cold or flu.
Off-label uses of Levofloxacin include treating and preventing other types of infections.
Levofloxacin is a powerful broad-spectrum antibiotic. Use Levofloxacin and you will get at effective treatment for a wide variety of bacteria.
Mechanism of Action
Active component Levofloxacin, which belongs to antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. Levofloxacin prevents bacteria from multiplying by interfering with their enzymes.
Dosage and Administration
Levofloxacin is supplied as tablets, injections, and oral solutions. You can take tablets either on a full or on an empty stomach. Oral solution should be taken one hour before or two hours after meal, because there are certain products that can decrease the effectiveness of Levofloxacin.
The dosage of Levofloxacin will vary depending on the type of infection you have, on the type of bacteria that caused the infection, your age and weight, and some other factors. For that reason, there is no standard dose of Levofloxacin that will work for all patients and for any infection. The usual dosage of Levofloxacin is 250-750 mg taken once daily for 3-14 days depending on the type of infection. Some examples of the recommended Levofloxacin doses:
- For bacterial sinusitis: 750mg/day for 5 days or 500mg/day for 10-14 days
- For skin infections: 750mg/day for 7-14 days
- For uncomplicated urinary tract infections: 250mg/day for 3 days
- For complicated urinary tract infections: 250mg/day for 10 days or 750mg/day for 5 days
- For anthrax: 500 mg/day for 60 days
Remember that you dose may differ from these standard recommended doses. Your doctor will prescribe the dose which will work for your particular situation.
For most infections, Levofloxacin is taken once a day, preferably at the same time, every 24 hours.
You should complete the entire course of treatment prescribed by your doctor, even if your symptoms improve. If you discontinue Levofloxacin too soon, it may cause further antibiotics-resistant bacteria.
Consult your doctor before using online if you have seizures, kidney failure, rheumatoid arthritis, hypokalemia, or if you have had an organ transplant.
You should not use Levofloxacin without consulting your doctor if you are allergic to this ingredient, any inactive component of Levofloxacin, or other fluoroquinolones. Seek medical attention if you have symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Some medications may interact with Levofloxacin and increase your risk of developing side effects. Among these medications are blood thinners, corticosteroids, NSAIDs, and drugs to treat diabetes. Make sure your doctor knows about all other prescription and non-prescription medications you are using, including vitamins and herbs.
You may have rupture or swelling of a tendon when taking Levofloxacin or several months after you discontinue the medication. Being over 60, taking steroid medications, or having an organ transplant may increase the risk of these tendon problems.
Levofloxacin is supplied in tablet, oral solution, and injection forms. Levofloxacin is available in three strengths. Thus, you can use Levofloxacin 500mg, Levofloxacin 250 mg, or Levofloxacin 750 mg.
Your doctor will prescribe the dose which is right for the infection you have.
Potential side effects of Levofloxacin include:
- Difficulty sleeping
However, not every patient will experience these side effects. Generally, Levofloxacin is considered a safe and well-tolerated drug.